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Occucare International - Occucare International News
Tuesday, 17 January 2017 07:17

Recent infectious diseases outbreaks

DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC OF CONGO

23
July 2012 –
The Democratic Republic of Congo
(DRC) has reported a sharp increase in the number of cholera cases in the armed
conflict area of North Kivu. According to the report, 368 new cases were
reported from epidemiological week 24 (11-17 June) to epidemiological week 26
(25 June-1 July). The most affected areas include Birambizo, Goma, Karisimbi,
Kiroshe, Mutwanga, Mweso and Rwanguba.

CUBA

August 22, 2012- The Cuban Ministry of Health has
confirmed the first cholera outbreak in Cuba in more than a century. As of July
31, 2012, 236 confirmed cases and 3 deaths have been reported in the cities of
Manzanillo, Bayamo, Yara, and Campechuela Niquero in Granma Province.
Currently, cases are limited to Granma Province, mostly in Manzanillo.
According to the Cuban Ministry of Public Health, control measures have been implemented,
including public awareness campaigns and efforts to ensure safe drinking water
and to improve environmental sanitation.

 

July 27, 2012– The Cuban Ministry of Health has
confirmed the first cholera outbreak in Cuba in more than a century. One hundred
thirty-seven confirmed cases and 3 deaths have been reported in Granma province
in the cities of Manzanillo, Bayamo, Yara, and Campechuela Niquero. Currently,
cases are limited to Granma Province, mostly in Manzanillo

SIERRA
LEONE

8 September 2012 –The Ministry of Health and Sanitation (MOHS) is closely working with
partners at national and international levels to step up response to the
cholera outbreak that has affected Sierra Leone since the beginning of the
year. As of 5 September 2012, a total of 16 360 cases including 255 deaths with
a case fatality rate (CFR) of 1.6% have been reported from 12 out of 13
districts. The western area of the country where the capital city of Freetown
is located, reported more than 60% of all new cases.

 

30
August 2012 –
Since the beginning of the year,
Sierra Leone has recorded 13,934 cases of cholera, with 232 deaths (Case
Fatality Rate of 1.7). The rate of new cases has accelerated rapidly since the
beginning of August. Eleven of the country’s 13 districts are now registering
cases with Western Area and Port Loko being the most affected. The most
recently affected district is Kenema district.

Published in Infectious Disease
Tuesday, 17 January 2017 05:38

Recent infectious diseases outbreaks

DENGUE

AFRICA; KENYA,
UGANDA

As of August 2012, cases of probable dengue continue to occur in
Mogadishu, Somalia. As of May 2012, probable dengue cases have been reported in
eastern Kenya, and dengue cases have been confirmed in Mandera, Kenya. The
Kenyan Ministry of Health and local health officials have been working with
local hospitals and clinics to monitor the situation.

AMERICAS

In 2012, dengue cases have been
reported in most countries in Latin America. Confirmed dengue cases have been
reported in US travelers returning from Brazil, Cuba, the Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, Haiti, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico.

MADERA,
PORTUGAL

17 October 2012 –An
outbreak of dengue fever has been reported in Madeira, Portugal. As of 10
October 2012, a total of 18 confirmed cases and 191 probable cases have been
reported.

 

MIDDLE EAST

Dengue activity
is reported occasionally throughout the Middle East, including areas popular
with travelers such as Jeddah in Saudi Arabia. Currently, dengue cases are
being reported in Pakistan and Yemen.

PACIFIC; MARSHAL ISLANDS

In October of 2011, the Republic of the
Marshall Islands declared a state of emergency due to a large dengue outbreak.
A total of 1,638 cases have been reported. Majuro Atoll had the highest number
of dengue cases. A dengue outbreak was also reported in Yap state of the
Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), as well as one in Palau. As of February
27, 2012, 1,173 cases of dengue have been reported from Yap.

SOUTH PACIFIC AND SOUTHWEST ASIA

An outbreak of dengue in the Federated
States of Micronesia resulted in more than 1,200 cases and two deaths from
September 2011 to April 2012. Starting in July 2012, cases have increased on
Yap Main Island. Cases of probable dengue are also being reported in the Yap
Outer Islands.Confirmed dengue cases have been reported in US travelers
returning from destinations in Asia, specifically the Philippines and Thailand.

Singapore, Malaysia, Cambodia, Taiwan,
the Philippines, Vietnam, India, Sri Lanka, and Thailand are among the
countries reporting dengue activity in 2012. Australia also continues to report
sporadic dengue activity in areas of northern Queensland.

 

MIDDLE EAST

Dengue activity
is reported sporadically throughout the Middle East, including areas popular
with travelers, such as Jeddah in Saudi Arabia.

EBOLA

UGANDA

30
November 2012 –
As of 28
November 2012, the Ministry of Health in Uganda reported 7 cases (6 confirmed,
1 probable) with Ebola haemorrhagic fever in Luweero and Kampala districts. Of
these cases, 4 died.

Published in Infectious Disease

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